House Science Committee ranking member Bart Gordon (D-TN) has initiated an inquiry relating to a “FAQ” fact sheet on “Atlantic Hurricanes and Climate” that was developed by NOAA scientists. The science journal Nature reported on September 26 that the document “has been blocked by officials at the US Department of Commerce.” NOAA administrator Lautenbacher told Nature that it was simply an internal exercise designed to get researchers to respect each other’s points of view. However, Rep. Gordon released an internal NOAA e-mail that directly contradicts that statement and has sent investigative correspondence to Lautenbacher that asks for a response this week.
Administration officials have been accused of deliberately and systematically downplaying research showing connections between global warming and changes in the intensity of hurricanes. By September 19, this had prompted a letter from the House Government Reform Committee ranking member Henry Waxman (D-CA) to the Secretary of Commerce. Waxman requested “all internal documents or communications” related to the issue and asked for a full response by October 9.
On September 29 a group of 14 Democratic Sentators sent a letter to the Inspectors General of the Commerce Department and NASA calling on them to launch formal investigations “into continuing reports of political interference with the work of scientists at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). We are deeply disturbed by what appears to be repeated instances of scientists at these agencies having publication of their research and access to the media blocked, solely based upon their views and conclusions regarding the reality and impacts of global warming.”
Last week, House Science Committee ranking member Bart Gordon (D-TN) initiated a more focused inquiry, relating to a “FAQ” fact sheet on “Atlantic Hurricanes and Climate” that was developed by NOAA scientists. Nature reported on September 26 that the document “has been blocked by officials at the US Department of Commerce.” See our September 27 post (Why the administration buried a NOAA scientists’ statement on hurricanes and climate) for a discussion of this.
Nature reported: “When asked about the document, NOAA administrator Conrad Lautenbacher told Nature that it was simply an internal exercise designed to get researchers to respect each other’s points of view. He said it could not be released because the agency cannot take an official position on a field of science that is changing so rapidly.”
However, on October 5, Rep. Gordon released an internal NOAA e-mail that directly contradicts that statement. The e-mail, dated May 11, 2006, is from Ahsha Tribble (Technical Chief of Staff, Office of Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere) to Bethany Hale of NOAA’s Decision Coordination Office / Executive Council (see here for information about NOAA’s Decision Coordination Office). The e-mail was cc’d to Scott Smullen (Deputy Director, NOAA Public Affairs), Scott Rayder (Chief of Staff to the NOAA Administrator), and Ants Leetma (NOAA Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory). The e-mail message included two attachments: a “final” version of the FAQ, and a file with the comments of NOAA’s Executive Council / Executive Panel. In the message, Ahsha Tribble said: “Attached are the response to the NEC/NEP comments and the final FAQ sheet. For the record, the final was approved by the Admiral [Lautenbacher] and Scott Rayder. We will retain the draft header until we receive clearance from the Department for use.”
On October 4, Mr. Gordon sent a letter to Adm. Lautenbacher. The full text of the letter is at the end of this post. (Also: Press release, Gordon Seeks Answers on NOAA’s Cover-Up of Hurricane Report, October 4, 2006, House Science Committee, Democratic Caucus)
Gordon’s letter to Lautenbacher says: “It is hard to know how to come to any meaningful conclusion except that the Department of Commerce sat on this report in its review process. NOAA reviews had been completed by early May; only Commerce’s review stood between this consensus report and the public. Your personal approval of its contents was apparently insufficient to see the report released.” Noting “the inconsistencies between your story as portrayed in Nature and the story implicit in your staffer’s e-mail and Dr. Leetmaa’s contention,” Gordon requests that Lautenbacher provide by 13 October detailed information about the development of the FAQ.
Gordon concludes his letter saying: “I think that the American people are very concerned with reports of science at one agency after another being subjected to political pressure to suppress the public’s access to sound science in deference to a politically preferred message. Fundamentally, I am baffled at the proliferation of non-scientists in public affairs offices—many of whom are political appointees with no scientific qualifications, but perfect partisan credentials—continuing to insert themselves into shaping what the public can hear from our federal scientists.”
It is illuminating to compare this situation with Adm. Lautenbacher’s Congressional testimony earlier this year. On February 16 2006, at a hearing before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, Senator Inouye asked Lautenbacher: “Is there any truth to the suggestion that the White House may be censuring scientists from your shop?”
Lautenbacher responded: “I am not aware that there is any truth to that at all. I work in a chain of command. I work for the Department of Commerce. The Department of Commerce works for the White House. There are policies that ask for people to report when they have been contacted by the press. That is the system. The fact is that our scientists are out there right now saying whatever they want to say. I’ve never seen anybody to be able to muzzle a scientist—let’s put it that way. And they talk. That is just not our policy. We don’t do that.”
Full text of the Gordon letter to Lautenbacher follows. Here is a piece of Congressional oversight and investigation that is more precise than the usual fare and also alert to a larger context. (We also note and appreciate Mr. Gordon’s reference to material posted on the Climate Science Watch website.)
U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
COMMITTEE ON SCIENCE
SUITE 2320 RAYBURN HOUSE OFFICE BUILDING
WASHINGTON, DC 20515-6301
TTY: (202) 226-4410
October 4, 2006
Vice Admiral Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr. (Ret.)
Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere
U.S. Department of Commerce
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
14th Street and Constitution Avenue. NW
Washington, DC 20230
Dear Admiral Lautenbacher:
Last week, Nature magazine reported on a troubling situation in your agency involving the suppression of science. This is just the latest in a long string of such stories that have appeared this year in the Wall Street Journal, The New Republic and, just two weeks ago, Salon.com. Those earlier stories all involved efforts at NOAA, or by Commerce officials interfering with NOAA, to shape the kind of information that reached the public regarding climate change and more-intense hurricanes. In the Nature story, the chair of an internal NOAA panel working to produce a consensus statement on the role of climate change in hurricane science was instructed by an unidentified Commerce official not to release their work.
Only after a draft copy of that consensus statement was leaked, posted on the Climate Science Watch website, and reported on by Nature, did NOAA then publicly release an edited version of the consensus statement on its website. That occurred last Thursday, September 28, over four months after the scientific panel completed its work.
Just last April you wrote to the Chairman of the Science Committee with assurances that nothing would be done at NOAA to suppress the free discussion of scientific results. This letter came in the wake of an extraordinary e-mail you had sent to NOAA staff enunciating the same strict adherence to principle. Perhaps some in the Department of Commerce are unaware of your policy because it appears that the free discussion of scientific results with the public—and that is just what a consensus statement represents—is not supposed to occur.
This is unacceptable and I intend to get to the bottom of the situation at NOAA. I ask for your full cooperation every step of the way. I have seen a copy of an October 3, 2006, e-mail you sent to your staff reiterating your support for scientific debate and transparency. I am glad you share my belief in the importance of transparency as I have some questions and requests of you to better understand the background to this situation.
In the interests of transparency, I ask that you provide me a copy of the e-mail of May 18, 2006. that instructed Dr. Ants Leetmaa not to distribute the product of his panel’s work. I also ask for all the background e-mail that may have been exchanged between the Commerce Department official who was responsible for that May 18 e-mail and any other communications, in any form, between that official and other NOAA employees or Department of Commerce employees related to the Hurricane FAQ (in whatever form or by whatever title it was known).
I also desire more detail on the composition of the consensus panel and its charge. The Nature article suggests that you claimed that the consensus panel’s work was merely an internal exercise to generate respectful communications within NOAA. That seems improbable to me and it is contradicted by your own October 3 e-mail. In that e-mail you discuss an information sheet that was being prepared for this year’s hurricane season rollout.” Hurricane season starts on June 1, and so I would have expected that the Hurricane FAQ would have been released by NOAA by that date
Apparently, NOAA was on track to release this Hurricane FAQ on time My staff have learned that the Hurricane FAQ passed muster through a review by the NOAA Executive Council/NOAA Policy Council (NEC/NPC) on April 28, 2006. This panel includes representation from 19 line offices at NOAA, none of whom dissented from supporting the report. On May 11, an aide in your office sent an e-mail to other NOAA staff that reads:
“Attached are the response to the NEC/NEP comments and the final FAQ sheet. For the record, the final was approved by the Admiral and Scott Rayder. We will retain the DRAFT header until we receive clearance from the Department for use.”
So, as of three weeks prior to the start of hurricane season, the draft report was ready to go as far as NOAA was concerned. And then the report entered a black hole at the Department. The Nature article indicates that one of your employees, Dr. Leetmaa, received an e-mail telling him not to distribute the FAQ and he never heard again from anyone regarding the state of the review. It was not until September 28, the same week that Climate Science Watch posted a draft of the FAQ on its web site and Nature published their story alleging suppression at Commerce, that you rushed this FAQ out the door.
It is hard to know how to come to any meaningful conclusion except that the Department of Commerce sat on this report in its review process. NOAA reviews had been completed by early May only Commerce’s review stood between this consensus report and the public. Your personal approval of its contents was apparently insufficient to see the report released.
I know you must be aware that releasing this report in a timely fashion was important to the credibility of your agency. In 2005, NOAA posted a web article on hurricane frequency and intensity that included a claim to represent a “consensus among NOAA hurricane researchers and forecasters.” While the relevant paragraph appears innocuous in its discussion of natural fluctuations in the tropical multi-decadal pattern, the subtext of labeling this position the “consensus” was to privilege those who argue human-induced global warming is not a factor in hurricane intensity or frequency. This privileging of climate change-hurricane intensity deniers has been a recurring theme in the drumbeat of news stories that have come out regarding suppression at your agency. The subsequent push-back among scientists in your own agency regarding portraying this position as a “consensus” within NOAA in the on-line article led initially to the inclusion, belatedly, of an editor’s note. That note reads in part,
This consensus in this on-line magazine story represents the views of some NOAA hurricane researchers and forecasters, but does not necessarily represent the views of all NOAA scientists. It was not the intention of this article to discount the presence of a human-induced global warming element or to attempt to claim that such an element is not present. There is a robust, on-going discussion on hurricanes and climate change within NOAA and the scientific community.”
I assume that the next step in working to placate those who objected to NOAA’s public position on climate change and hurricanes was to establish a panel to work out a true consensus statement for NOAA scientists. That is what led to the 2006 Hurricane FAQ which you and the NEC/NEP ultimately approved. With officials at the Department of Commerce suppressing release of this true consensus statement, the old statement remained the position the public would find if they were searching for the advice of government experts regarding the relationship of climate change to global warming. The nation almost made it through an entire hurricane season before this true consensus document finally saw the light of day.
Because of the inconsistencies between your story as portrayed in Nature and the story implicit in your staffer’s e-mail and Dr. Leetmaa’s contention, I ask that you provide a detailed, written clarification of your position regarding the purpose behind the Hurricane FAQ. Please also explain why the report was blocked from public release for so long. Why do you believe it is appropriate for the Department of Commerce to look over your shoulder in editing scientific statements that have passed muster with 19 NOAA organizations as well as receiving your personal approval? Finally, provide copies of all communications you or your personal staff initiated in an effort to get the report cleared for release subsequent to May 11, 2006. In instances where such appeals occurred in person or by phone and there is no written record, please provide a comprehensive log of who you or your staff spoke with and on what date
It would also be helpful to understand what the intent and thinking at NOAA was regarding these consensus statements. Please provide all records, in whatever form, related to the production of the original hurricane “consensus” article as well as all records, in whatever form, relating to the decision to establish a new panel, its working records and the records of all NOAA discussions regarding the work of that new panel. Also please include all materials that represent the progress through the 13-step approval process necessary for public releases as these relate both to the original report and to the statement produced by Dr. Leetmaa’s panel.
Finally, you write in your e-mail to NOAA staff that “(m)edia reports have alleged that the document was blocked because it made a reference to work by NOAA scientists that found climate change may have an impact on increased hurricane activity. This charge is inaccurate.” You then go on to say that the studies underlying the report are publicly available so it would be useless to block the FAQ to achieve the goal of eliminating such references. However, you do not explain why the report was blocked.
I think that the American people are very concerned with reports of science at one agency after another being subjected to political pressure to suppress the public’s access to sound science in deference to a politically preferred message.
Fundamentally, I am baffled at the proliferation of non-scientists in public affairs offices—many of whom are political appointees with no scientific qualifications, but perfect partisan credentials—continuing to insert themselves into shaping what the public can hear from our federal scientists. I hope you will work with me to rectify this situation.
Please provide the above mentioned materials by Friday, October 13, 2006. Thank you for your attention to this request. You may contact Dan Pearson (202-2256375) of my staff if you have any questions and to arrange delivery of materials.